Using the standard toolchain you can easily deploy your SPFx files to Azure. Here is what you should do next to load these files as quickly as possible.
Recently, Microsoft released the developer preview of SharePoint Framework extensions. Here are a few samples that will help you get started.
In SharePoint Framework projects you can't just use any TypeScript version. Here is why.
Here are the presentation slides I used at the recent Unity Connect 2016 when presenting about building productivity solutions using the Microsoft Graph.